Android Froyo Highlights
Android and Symbian
As I sat through the keynotes and the Android sessions, it became clear that a deep developer enablement ethos permeates the Android team. While Symbian has traditionally viewed phone manufacturers as the primary customer, Android views the developer as the primary customer with phone manufacturers being a conduit to get to the developers. Symbian is strong at security, hardware enablement, and power management. Android is strong at responsiveness, usability, and developer attractiveness. Symbian can learn from some of Android’s strengths at enabling the community to create applications to enrich the mobile platform vibrancy.
On the flip side, it’s interesting that many of the Google I/O Android sessions focused on helping developers with power management, asynchronous programming and performance — areas that Symbian programmers have addressed for years.
The Device is Step One
The Symbian community is making admirable progress at replicating the Symbian Limited product model in open source. Providing a platform for device manufacturers is no longer enough. The platform also needs to attract developers.
Developer Enablement Permeation
Symbian is improving its developer experience by adding the cross-platform Qt development environment and runtime to the platform. Qt is purposely a layer on top of the platform. It does not permeate the whole platform to improve application creation and usage. I was particularly impressed by the “Writing zippy Android apps” session, in which a Google engineer talked about finding performance, responsiveness, and usability issues and then communicating to the multiple responsible teams to get the issues fixed. The Symbian community should empower similar types of initiatives. Too often, developer and application improvement initiatives are rejected or delayed because of concerns about hardware shipping deadlines, cross-functional challenges, or security concerns.
Speed and Urgency
Android is making plenty of mistakes, but iterating fast enough so that mistakes get quickly fixed. Froyo is the fourth release since April 2009.
Tools for Mobile Web
Despite a lot of information about programming for the web and developing for Android separately, I did not see any content at Google I/O to improve web programming for Android. From a developer perspective, it would be ideal to write a program once and have it work on any mobile device. This will not likely to be possible anytime soon with Objective C, Dalvik Java or Qt C++. However, devices are converging to all supporting WebKit html5 supported web browsers. At the same time, there is increasing access from the browser directly to device capabilities like contacts, location, and camera. In addition to supporting emerging Web mobile runtime standards like phonegap and BONDI, I’d like to see Android join with the Symbian Foundation, Eclipse Foundation, and others in advancing developer tools for mobile web developers with the Tools for the Mobile Web project.
There is clearly a need for more than one open mobile platform. Choice will benefit everyone in the mobile eco-system and spur further innovations. As the most deployed smart-phone OS in the world, Symbian is well-positioned to be one of those platforms. To do so, it should leverage its strengths and learn from the successes and innovations of the newer market players, especially around developer enablement.
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